Finally, she was happily teaching all her life. Very young widow of the painter sacha blondel, said andré blondel, she was a real success in sète (hérault, languedoc) and in her region when she began to paint with the complicity of her husband louis peyré after his retirement, in the 70s.
The fauvism came from the fact that we placed ourselves quite far from the imitation colors and that with the pure colors we obtained stronger reactions. Fauvism is a current of painting of the early twentieth century. Drawn from an expression of the journalist Louis Vauxcelles, he began historically in the fall of 1905, during the scandalous autumn show, and ended less than ten years later, in the early 1910s. 1908, it is already at dusk.His influence nevertheless marked the whole art of the twentieth century, especially by the liberation of color. The precursor of Fauvism was Henri Matisse, but other artists, such as André Derain, Maurice Vlaminck or Georges Braque were among them. In an article "The Salon d'Automne" published in the gil blas October 17, 1905, vauxcelles describes the living room by room. He writes in particular room no. Henri matisse, marquet, manguin, camoin, girieud, derain, ramon pichot. Room clear, daring, outrageous, who must decipher the intentions, leaving the clever and foolish the right to laugh, criticism too easy. In the center of the room, a child's torso and a small marble bust, albert marks, which models with a delicate science. The candor of these busts surprises in the middle of the orgy of pure tones: donatello among wild animals.
Fauvism is characterized by the audacity and novelty of its chromatic research. The painters had recourse to wide areas of violent, pure and lively colors, and claimed an art based on instinct.They separated the color from its reference to the object in order to accentuate the expression and reacted provocatively against the visual sensations and the sweetness of the impressionism. Sources and Objectives of Fauvism Several common influences can be recognized in the works of his artists. We are witnessing, around 1900, an imposing return of color that will turn out to be all the more violent as this color seems to have withstood the short-lived eclipse the Nabis have given it. The luminous conceptions of the impressionistic "pleinairisme" of the Impressionists have faded away from the dim lighting of the Nabis lamp.
Interior scenes, voluntarily muted tones and faithful to the play of timid and discreet nuances, large colored areas, radiant illuminations, vivid architectures, scenes of wisely bourgeois family through the artificial light of the day come from windows disappearing under curtains .. the Impressionists are the first source. Their particular touches, which juxtapose pure colors instead of mixing them, leaving the spectator's task to perform a work of recomposition, are taken up by Matisse, who was a pupil of paul signac in the summer of 1904, and which in turn transmits them to derain. Luxury, calm and pleasure (1904) is an emblematic example.Manguin himself is at once close to matisse and signac or cross, divisionist painters if any, while camoin refers directly to manet by the brevity of his drawing. The impressionist crystalline colors are also taken over, notably by manguin, whose palette is dominated by bright yellow and orange tones. Raoul dufy, meanwhile, frequently takes up the theme of rue montorgueil. July at the haven or paved street.
The deployment of the flags across the street is an excuse for the deployment of color, which monet had already noticed, and that marquet had used the. Same year (July 14th at the harbor). Nevertheless, the composition, with the lines of the flags that intertwine, is. So it was at the Salon d'automne, when a room had been reserved for the works of the new group of artists, that the words "scandal, humbug, dementia, ignorance" had hosted the tumultuous attempts of these young people The critic louis vauxcelles, speaking of the little head of a child of Florentine inspiration, the work of the sculptor marks, designated it as: "donatello among the wild beasts".
This expression made a fortune and was used to define this movement of fauvism. Very young painters, some time to which they belong, have never rejected this word of writing: "we must kill what precedes us". It was around the twentieth year and their teachers that these young beasts had their first teeth.As a result of a kind of coincidence, the julian academy and the school of the fine arts saw the successive appearances of marquet, rouault, camoin, manquin, dufy, pointer and the career workshop those of matisse, puy, derain, laprade, chabaud among the bravest of the group. Dufy, marquet, merodack-jeanneau or girieud rather use the technique of gauguin, with large flat areas. Matisse and Derain also do not hesitate to use it, and sometimes oscillate between pointillist and gauguin influences.
In Japanese at the water's edge matisse shows this hesitation, using long enough keys though distant from each other, and even, at times, flat areas. Similarly, derain sometimes composes his canvases with large ribbons of colors (the Collioure Faubourg, 1905), whereas in contemporary works (boats in the port of Collioure, effects of sun on the water), he does not uses only small keys juxtaposed.
The gauguin style is found in another element: the use of the ring around the characters. This one is particularly visible in the dance of andré derain (1906). Matisse would be, in his enthusiasm pronounced for the color and for the matter, at the origin of this movement. It focuses on itself to develop in depth some data of Fauvism, especially when his companions from the first hour abandon the new aesthetics to return to more traditional designs. The influence of matisse, both in France and abroad, on his generation as much as on the following ones, is due to the universality of a prestigious art which largely overflowed the own data of Fauvism rather than its position.
It is under the guidance of matisse and also under the influence of van gogh that future wildcat vlaminck, derain, manguin ... Express in their shipments in the autumn show a fierce and virulent enthusiasm for the dynamic joys of tones more raw. Still aware of this fragility of color, they react against an impressionism to which.His lack of structure, his refusal of the notion of permanence. On the other hand the wild animals propose to imagine a reality more authentic than that of appearances, built solidly by pure tones. This imagination of reality has as source according to matisse: emotional shocks, occurred as thunderbolts or other images in the brain of the poet. The new aesthetic is based on precise themes such as the opposition to the nuances of the impressionist palette, the taste for the monumental, the rejection of the realistic evocation of nature and the search for transpositions of color. Faerie, multicolored visions of green skies, vermilion red flowers, lemon-colored trees, emerald-green faces, and with the intention of substituting for the measured but conventional harmonies of traditional writing, polyphonies colored by the use of the color such as output of the tubes that derain will compare to cartridges of dynamite. Cezanne too is an important source of inspiration. In the Gypsy of 1905, painted in Saint-Tropez 1, Matisse takes up again the geometrization of the characters' bodies characteristic of the solitaire d'aix.
Derain, for his part, draws inspiration from it in dance, to reflect on the place of the human figure in a landscape, as much as in the bathers of 1907, to stylize his figures. Similarly, the composition of the collioure port, very thoughtful, is reminiscent of Cezanne. At Vlaminck, Van Gogh's legacy is more evident, as is shown in the 1907 campaign. Although he was hostile to museum institutions, he had discovered this artist during an exhibition in 1901 at Bernheim-Jeune, which had definitely oriented his career towards painting. It was at this same exhibition that derain introduced him to matisse.
I never go to the museum, I hate the smell, the monotony. I hate the word "classic". This sentence is revealing of the state of mind of the artist. He likes seductive imageries for their colorful evocation, their decided oppositions, for this light lyricism.
His sense of nature also asserts itself as a popular condition. Derain called him "the most painter of us".
Much more than the novel, that music, painting corresponded with him to the need for a more concrete material capable of expressing all the sensuality of a natural empiricism. André derain makes his first contribution to the movement by adhering to the principle of organizing a space made according to the surface of the canvas. In his early days, he showed a certain indecision, originating from his instinct as a painter and a very extensive culture, as well as a conflict between the two notions. This condition will be aggravated by the fact that matisse and vlaminck present, one with his prudence, the other with his uncontrolled instinct, two tendencies of which he perceived the successive binding effects.Derain's friends will know him as a master of the brush, a powerful touch, a serene ease and with a sureté of nuances and pure accents and already decided to a surprising virtuosity, bearing the mark of a temperament. "the great danger for art is the excess of culture" what is the lack of culture? Derain all this is expressed first by an exuberant color so derain will focus on pushing intensity to a paroxysm vlaminck itself will remain the first surprised, with the intention of achieving harmonies rather than colorful symphonies.
Derain is the first to notice that the technique of the wild animals could build but not architect a canvas. He is very curious but not necessarily daring and we will notice when cubism will invite him to surpass the limits that his instinct pushed him to cross but that his spirit.Finally will have to respect. He had sensed that there are two cultures: the one that. Assimilated, and that which constitutes only a simple ornament of the spirit. It is to this dilemma that his work comes up against. If these hesitations deprived him of an originality that he eventually wished, they contributed to his brilliant achievements, especially in his wild compositions.
Finally, one last influence: that of the "first arts\These exotic arts, much criticized in the nineteenth century for their "ugliness" and given pride of place by gauguin, are collected by the artists who discover them at the world's exhibitions. Many works present characters with stylized faces in the form of a mask, as is the case for example for the matisse gypsy. The big cats think of order, of measurement in a domain where they dread the worst excesses, the worst mistakes.They used a surprisingly brilliant way: to charge the color to organize one's own discipline. The subject is considered only from the angle of its only plastic function, and hence the degree of intensity of the tone, the measure of painted surfaces, the distribution of whites, the distribution of expressive rings, the development of inspired arabesques favor the desired cohesion and balance. The eternal problem of the depth and illusion of space is solved by the power and choice of the place of tones. Light is no longer a source of light, but of intensity and any accident is rejected for the benefit of the essential. Simplification is the guarantee of the multiplicity of tones. A completely new grammar is imagined, codified according to personal logic and without doubt the supreme intention of the artist remains to find the first sensation of the shock experienced and the beasts intended to let the instinct be organized so as not to betray the freedom he had taken vis-à-vis the object of his emotion. Wild animals no longer want to compromise their chances of being understood. This movement, however, will last only the time to see arise some magnificent works of lyricism and colors. The rapid dispersion of the cats attests that the attempt was not made after its consequences. There is a considerable margin between what the big cats wanted to be and what they became. Matisse began to feel the limits of the movement and he did not dare cross them, for fear of breaking with a traditional reality of nature that he could not do without. Finally, fauvism asserts itself more as a technique than an aesthetic. The item "louise bonfils (1913-2010) oil on wood 1975 / fauvist / fauvism / fauviste" is on sale since Friday, August 19, 2016. It is in the category "art, antiquities \ art of the twentieth, contemporary \ paintings" The seller is "galerie_d.Art" and is located in / in paris. This item can be shipped to the following countries: America, Europe, Asia, Australia.